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Content

Here's the list of content points that I have compiled. The points are listed according to the paragraphs that they are located in. Please check your list with mine.


Paragraph 4

The content points are highlighted in the paragraph below.

Through time, Pompeii almost completely slipped from the world's memory. Even among scholars, the precise location of Pompeii remained unknown, primarily because a thick flow of molten rock had poured over the area from eruptions in later years. This had entirely altered the shape of the coast. Also, when the digging to uncover the ruins began in the eighteenth century, the debris from these excavations had been left in scattered heaps around the site, further obscuring it. Rainwater, too, collected and had hastened its decay. These early excavators had acted purely for the sake of plunder; they made no genuine effort to investigate the past. This did not come about until the appointment in 1860 of the archaeologist Fiorelli as director of the excavations.

Here's the points for quick reference:

  1.   The location of Pompeii remained unknown.
  2.   Molten rock had poured over the area from later eruptions.
  3.   This had altered the shape of the coast.
  4.   Debris from excavations had obscured the site.
  5.   Rainwater had hastened the decay of the site.

Do these points answer any key area required by the question? Yes, these are the problems he faced when he began his work.


Paragraph 5

The content points are highlighted in the paragraph below.

Fiorelli set as his goal the total recovery of the vanished city of Pompeii. His approach was the essence of discipline and orderliness. He removed all the debris that had piled up during earlier excavations and installed a drainage system to draw off the rainwater. He differed from previous archaeologists because he was the first to believe that a systematic study of the ruins and all that they contained was essential. Only in this way could their past history be thoroughly understood. After tracing the perimeter walls, he mapped out the site and divided it into districts, identifying individual buildings and carefully numbering them in a logical sequence.

Here's the points for quick reference:

  6.   Fiorelli's approach was disciplined/orderly.
  7.   He removed all the debris.
  8.   He installed a drainage system.
  9.   He made a systematic study of the ruins.
10.   He traced the perimeter walls.
11.   He mapped out the site/divided it into districts.
12.   He identified/numbered the buildings.

Do these points answer any key area required by the question? Yes, these are methods he employed to restore the ancient city accurately.


Paragraph 6

The content points are highlighted in the paragraph below.

Bit by bit, as details accumulated and were pieced together, the long buried past came alive. Because the city and its houses had been taken from the world almost intact, they could be brought back almost whole. As the work proceeded, Fiorelli made sure that every new object that emerged was given a precise description, not just of its appearance and nature, but also of its position in relation to other objects. He insisted that, whenever possible, new discoveries were left in place rather than removed for shipment to a museum or storehouse. Not only interior wall paintings were left intact, but also exterior notices, shop signs and even graffiti.

Here's the points for quick reference:

13.   He gave each object a precise description.
14.   He recorded its position.
15.   He left discoveries in their positions.

Do these points answer any key area required by the question? Yes, these are methods he employed to restore the ancient city accurately.


Paragraph 7

The content point is highlighted in the paragraph below. The rest of the paragraph is irrelevant to the 3 key areas required by the question!

As he worked, he recorded his progress in journals to help future archaeologists, many of whom followed this lead set by Fiorelli. As a result of his excavations, all manner of household items were found: eggs and fish were discovered lying on a dining table, as well as pots containing meat bones. Personal items of every kind turned up, like jewellery, cosmetics, perfume and combs. In a way, voices could be heard as well, as the graffiti that were uncovered gave insight into the lives of the citizens of Pompeii. Among these scribblings on the walls were messages from lovers, personal attacks and casual observations on the world in general. The excavation told a story of ordinary life stopped in its tracks.

Here's the point for quick reference:

16.   He recorded his progress in journals.

Does this point answer any key area required by the question? Yes, this is one of the methods he employed to restore the ancient city accurately.


Paragraph 8

There is no content point in the paragraph below - Pretty obvious, right?

And then there were the people themselves, recovered by a method that even today still seems almost magical...


Paragraph 9

The content points are highlighted in the paragraph below.

At Pompeii, volcanic ash had been the cause of a sort of preservation miracle. During the later phases of the eruption, this ash enveloped many of the victims and then solidified around them, leaving body-shaped cavities behind when the flesh decayed. Fiorelli was the first to realise the possibility that there were human remains buried in the ruins of the city, and that their impressions might have been left deep in the sandy covering of volcanic ash.

Here's the point for quick reference:

17.   He realised that human remains could be found.

Does this point answer any key area required by the question? Yes, this is how he used the volcanic ash to produce his most dramatic discoveries.


Paragraph 10

The content points are highlighted in the paragraph below.

The moment of discovery occurred in February 1863, when a workman accidentally made a hole in a mound at the site. Fiorelli noticed that there was a cavity of some sort. He ordered liquid plaster to be poured into the cavity and given time to solidify. He had the surrounding ash removed, revealing a complete figure that was uncannily life-like. Eventually, he was responsible for many victims being uncovered by this technique, and people's fascination grew as the intimate details of Pompeii's tragic story were disclosed. The plaster casts fixed the terror and desperation of that long ago disaster in a kind of eternal present.

Here's the points for quick reference:

18.   He noticed there was a cavity.
19.   He ordered liquid plaster to be poured into it.
20.   He allowed it to solidify.
21.   He had the surrounding ash removed.
22.   He revealed figures/victims.

Does this point answer any key area required by the question? Yes, this is how he used the volcanic ash to produce his most dramatic discoveries.


Alright, we have successfully managed to locate and identify the content points from the paragraphs. There are 22 in total, but you only need to have 15 content points in your summary!

Let's move on to the next part of this exercise - how to improve the style of your summary!

 

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